L'European Accessibility Act (EAA) a été publié au Journal officiel européen le 7 juin. L'objectif est d'améliorer l'accessibilité pour les personnes handicapées à long terme (d'ici 5 ans). Que dit le texte ?


Est visé par l'EAA un large groupe de produits (terminaux de paiement, ordinateurs, tablettes, terminaux de billetterie, téléphones intelligents, équipements téléphoniques, téléviseurs, lecteurs électroniques, etc.) et de services (sites Web de commerce électronique, applications mobiles, livres électroniques, services bancaires aux consommateurs, etc.). Le champ d'application est énuméré ci-dessous (Scope).

Les périodes transitoires devraient tenir compte du cycle de vie des différents produits et services (cf. Timeline (80 kB)), de sorte que certains produits ne devront être conformes que lorsqu'ils seront remplacés.

Les produits sont soit fabriqués directement par nos membres, soit sont des produits pour lesquels ils font partie de la chaîne de valeur (et donc de l'accès au marché); sont aussi concernés les importateurs, les développeurs de logiciels et de nombreux membres qui offrent des services qui devront répondre à certaines exigences d'accessibilité.

Vous retrouverez ci-dessous les principaux passage du texte, en particulier ceux relatifs au 'scope' (article 2):

1. This Directive applies to the following products placed on the market after 28 June 2025:

(a) consumer general purpose computer hardware systems and operating systems for those hardware systems;

(b) the following self-service terminals:

(i) payment terminals;

(ii) the following self-service terminals dedicated to the provision of services covered by this Directive:

— automated teller machines;

— ticketing machines;

— check-in machines;

— interactive self-service terminals providing information, excluding terminals installed as integrated parts of vehicles, aircrafts, ships or rolling stock;

(c) consumer terminal equipment with interactive computing capability, used for electronic communications services;

(d) consumer terminal equipment with interactive computing capability, used for accessing audiovisual media services; and

(e) e-readers.

2. Without prejudice to Article 32, this Directive applies to the following services provided to consumers after 28 June 2025:

(a) electronic communications services with the exception of transmission services used for the provision of machine-to- machine services;

(b) services providing access to audiovisual media services;

(c) the following elements of air, bus, rail and waterborne passenger transport services, except for urban, suburban and regional transport services for which only the elements under point (v) apply:

(i) websites;

(ii) mobile device-based services including mobile applications;

(iii) electronic tickets and electronic ticketing services;

(iv) delivery of transport service information, including real-time travel information; this shall, with regard to information screens, be limited to interactive screens located within the territory of the Union; and

(v) interactive self-service terminals located within the territory of the Union, except those installed as integrated parts of vehicles, aircrafts, ships and rolling stock used in the provision of any part of such passenger transport services;

(d) consumer banking services;

(e) e-books and dedicated software; and

(f) e-commerce services.

3. This Directive applies to answering emergency communications to the single European emergency number '112'.

4. This Directive does not apply to the following content of websites and mobile applications:

(a) pre-recorded time-based media published before 28 June 2025;

(b) office file formats published before 28 June 2025;

(c) online maps and mapping services, if essential information is provided in an accessible digital manner for maps intended for navigational use;

(d) third-party content that is neither funded, developed by, or under the control of, the economic operator concerned;

(e) content of websites and mobile applications qualifying as archives, meaning that they only contain content that is not updated or edited after 28 June 2025.

5. This Directive shall be without prejudice to Directive (EU) 2017/1564 and Regulation (EU) 2017/1563.

Source: EAA  (829,6 kB)(en anglais - pour les autres langues, voir ici).